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The most beautiful lava flow you will see is the 1969-1972 Mauna Ulu flow, which covered 17 sq. miles and traveled 7 miles to the coast. The colors are created from the various minerals (mainly iron) oxidizing as moisture came into contact with the surface flow. The colors and textures are like terracotta pottery, perfectly and uniquely glazed. Some areas of this flow are over 25 ft. thick. Amazing!

A steel dial sits atop Pu‘u Ula‘ula (Red Hill) at over 10,000 feet in this Mars-like landscape on Mauna Loa. The dial points in the major directions of other pu‘u (hills) and volcanoes from this point on the Island of Hawai‘i: Mauna Loa, Haleakala (Maui), Mauna Kea, Pu‘u O‘o, Hilo, Pu‘u Kulani, Kīlauea, and Kamakala.

Ribbon-like, hardened lava (called pahoehoe) remains from past lava flows at Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Pahoehoe is different from its cousin lava, a‘a by having a lower volume flow rate, lower viscosity, and running slightly hotter in temperature creating many beautifu…

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